Another IRA rescue strategy to avoidArticle added by Roccy DeFrancesco on October 8, 2013
Ranked: #5 (10,769 pts)
This concept is a piece of garbage and should not be pitched to clients. I’m guessing that the agents pitching it either don’t understand the train wreck that awaits their clients, or they do and don’t care because of the massively high commissions that are paid.
The idea of using life insurance to “rescue” money from an IRA has been around for decades. It used to be a fun topic where agents could make a lot of money with clients who had estate tax problems and before the IRS killed springing cash value policies.
This concept seems to be back with a vengeance now, but it’s not an estate planning play — it’s one based off of income. It sounds so simple and alluring.
Agent: Do you think taxes are going to go up in the future?
Agent: Would you like me to show you how to rescue money from your tax-hostile IRA so it can grow tax-free and come out tax-free?
When the client says yes, the agent pulls out a totally unrealistic illustration that does the following:
It sounds great, right? We should all be selling three-pay policies with huge commissions. But it doesn’t work! The problem is that the only way to make this strategy work on paper is to use totally unrealistic assumptions when running the life illustration.
- Shows taxable withdrawals from the IRA for three years.
- Pours the entire withdrawal from the IRA into an equity indexed universal life (EIUL) policy as the premium.
- Has the client borrow money from the policy in years two through four to pay the tax on the IRA withdrawal from the previous year.
- Allows the money to grow and then shows the client magically being able to take out tons of money tax-free from the policy in retirement.
Here's a real life example. I’ve had a handful of these come across my desk in the last few weeks, and I hear it’s being pitched quite a lot out there, which is why I wanted to write this article. The client is a 58-year-old male and a standard non-smoker with $1 million in an IRA. Use a 7.7 percent illustrated rate on the EIUL with a 4.25 percent lending rate on the variable loan.
1. Take a $333,333 taxable distribution from an IRA and pay that as premium into an EIUL policy each year for three years.
2. Take a $163,333 loan from the policy in years two through four to pay the taxes on the withdrawals.
Side note: This is essentially a hyper-funding scenario which is a concept I warned readers about years ago. (To read about the dangers with hyper-funding, visit this article.)
3. Let the policy grow until age 65, at which time the illustration shows borrowing from the policy in the amount of $92,000 a year tax-free each year until age 100.
Sounds great, right? The client removed money from a taxable environment and put it into a tax-free environment.
1. In order to get $92,000 as a loan from the policy, it used a 3.45 percent positive loan arbitrage on the borrowed funds (which was assumed from year two of the policy and lasted every year for 43 years). This was in an EIUL policy that doesn’t have a fixed lending rate. Since the 50-year historical average lending rate on life policies is a bit over 7 percent, I’d say this is as bogus as it gets.
2. If you used a lending rate 1 percent higher than the illustration I saw, the borrowing goes down to $79,000 a year. Why did I not use the 7 percent historical average? Because the insurance company software only allows me to raise the rate 1 percent from its current 4.25 percent default rate. If I illustrated with a 7 percent loan rate, the client would barely be able to borrow any money out of the policy.
You think that a client should be shown, for full disclosure purposes, an illustration with a 7 percent loan? I think so, and, heck, if the client was shown one with a 5.25 percent rate let alone a 7 percent rate, the agent would have no shot at selling this.
3. The numbers “as is” do not beat leaving the money in low-risk, tactically managed strategies if purchased inside the IRA.
When I ran the numbers and compared them to my favorite .28 percent Beta strategy that has not had a down year in the last
21 years (an investment that is perfect for money in an IRA), the client could remove $96,000 a year (net of taxes) versus the totally unrealistic $92,000 in the IRA illustration created by the agent.
The quick summary with this concept is that it’s a piece of garbage and should not be pitched to clients. I’m guessing that the agents pitching it either don’t understand the train wreck that awaits their clients, or they do and don’t care because of the massively high commissions that are paid.
As for the IMOs/GAs pushing this, I’ll let you make up your own mind if those are firms you should be working with.
If I get a call from a client who has been sold this concept, I will do everything in my power to help them understand what they’ve been sold; and I will offer my services as an expert witness in the lawsuit against the agent, IMO and insurance company.
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